Fibroids Specialist

Fibroids Specialist Specialist
Dr. Ulas Bozdogan is a top-rated provider of fibroid specialist for women in New York City & Bergen County, NJ. At Advanced Endometriosis Center, patients receive in-depth evaluations and education about fibroids and their treatment so they can decide on the best approach for their needs

Fibroid Specialist Q & A

by Ulas Bozdogan, MD

What are uterine fibroids?

Uterine fibroids are growths of muscle tissue that form in the uterus. Most fibroids are not cancerous, but they can grow to be quite large - sometimes as large as a grapefruit or even larger. While researchers aren’t sure what causes fibroids, hormonal changes most likely play a significant role. Fibroid growth typically occurs during the childbearing years when hormonal fluctuations are more common, slowing or halting once a woman enters menopause and levels of estrogen decline. Sometimes, fibroids may grow during pregnancy, interfering with a woman’s ability to carry a pregnancy to term, and when fibroids are present during pregnancy, they will need to be monitored to ensure they don’t interfere with the baby’s growth or health.

What symptoms do fibroids cause?

Very small fibroids may cause no symptoms, but larger fibroids can cause symptoms like:

  • very heavy periods or prolonged periods
  • spotting between periods
  • severe cramping and backache during periods
  • pain or pressure in the pelvic area
  • increased urge to urinate
  • pain during intercourse
  • infertility or miscarriage

Contact Dr. Bozdogan about the possibility of uterine fibroids, if you have persistent pelvic pain throughout your cycle, or extremely heavy, painful, and prolonged menstrual bleeding. Difficulty with bladder functions and spotting between periods may also be indications of a uterine fibroid condition.

While the cause of uterine fibroids isn’t known, research suggests that hormones, genetic changes, or body growth factors may contribute to their development. It’s thought that fibroids develop from uterine stem cells. There are many growth patterns to fibroids. Some grow slowly while others advance quickly. A fibroid may remain the same size, or it may go through periodic spurts, and many shrink on their own.

You’re more at risk of developing fibroids if your mother or sister has them, or if you started menstruating at an early age. Use of birth control, obesity, and dietary factors may also increase your risk.

What treatments are available for fibroids?

Fibroids that don’t cause symptoms may not require any treatment. Symptomatic fibroids may be treated using different approaches, including:

  • surgical removal using minimally-invasive techniques or robot-assisted approaches using the da Vinci surgical robot
  • uterine artery embolization to cut off the blood flow to the fibroids
  • MRI-guided focused ultrasound
  • hormone therapy

Each treatment offers different “pros and cons,” and treatment options will be reviewed following a physical examination to “narrow down” the choices.

Can fibroids grow back after they’re removed?

In some women, fibroids can grow back. The likelihood of regrowth depends on several factors, including the method used to originally treat them.

What happens during surgical removal of fibroids?

In most cases, fibroids can be surgically removed using minimally-invasive techniques, including robot-assisted techniques using the state-of-the-art da Vinci surgical robot system. Minimally-invasive techniques use very small incisions, resulting in less bleeding and tissue damage as well as faster recovery. The da Vinci system is designed to work with the surgeon to achieve a very high degree of precision and accuracy for superior outcomes.

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